Symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder of Bereaved Afghan Adolescents

Effectiveness of Specific Recall Training (New Technic) on the Symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) of Bereaved Afghan Adolescents

  

Dr. Sayed jafar Ahmadi1, Dr. M. B. Kajbaf2, Dr. H. T. Neshatdost3

Abstract

 The purpose of this study was to study the effectiveness of Specific Recall Training on the Symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) of Bereaved Afghan Adolescents. In this study, a quasi-experimental design with pretest-posttest and fallow-up with experimental and control group was used. The samples of this study selected from a shelter in Kabul city in Afghanistan (n Exp=8 and n Con=8).They had PTSD of war as experimental. The instruments were the Impact of Event Scale-Revised) IES-R-13(, clinical interview and demographic questionnaire. The SRT group (n=8) participated and consisted of five sessions. Data were analyzed by AVCOVA test. The results of ANCOVA test showed that there was a significant different between whole Symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in control and experimental group after specific recall training in posttest and fallow-up. The effect size rating of SRT on PTSD symptoms in posttest was 0/57 and in fallow-up was 0/49. On the whole it can be concluded that the SRT intervention is effective in reducing PTSD symptoms.

 

Key words: Specific Recall Training, PTSD, Autobiographical Memory, Reminiscence and Bereaved Afghan Adolescents

 

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2018-06-21